Environmental Authorizations are required to comply with the National Environmental Management Act (NEMA). Several activities are listed in three listing notices, for which authorisation is required.
Environmental Impact Assessments (EIS’s & BA’s)
Environmental Impact Assessments are conducted in order to acquire an Environmental Authorization. There are two different types of assessments, Environmental Impact & Scoping (EIS) and Basic Assessment (BA), which are used to identify and evaluate the environmental aspects and implement mitigation measures for the project.
Water Use License Applications
Water Use License Application is required for certain water uses which are triggered in Section 21 of the National Water Act. The applications are required to regulate water use such as abstraction, storing of water, activities within a watercourse or wetland, etc.
Waste Management License Applications
Waste management are regulated through the National Environmental Management: Waste Act. EIA’s and BA’s are required during the waste management license applications.
Environmental Management Plans/Programmes
Environmental Management Plans/Programmes are tools used to ensure that the impacts on the environment during the construction, operation and decommissioning phases of a project are prevented or kept to a minimum through mitigation measures.
Environmental Auditing and Compliance
Environmental Auditing is an environmental tool to measure the effects of certain activities against a set criteria or standard and to evaluate the effectiveness of the existing environmental management systems.
Public Participation/stakeholder Engagement
The public participation or stakeholder engagement form part of the Environmental Authorisation and Water Use License Application. It is an important part to ensure that all people are informed of any potential decisions that may affect them.
A Wetland Delineation is used to determine the outer edges of the wetland through a desktop assessment and site inspection. It is done in accordance with the Wetland Classification Systems (NWCS) developed by the South African National Biodiversity Institute (SANBI) and Ollis et al 2013.
An Environmental Risk Assessment is a process that identifies and evaluates the risk of potential threats to the environment.
Flood Line Determination
A flood line is the representation of the highest elevation that would probably be reached during a storm event with a return interval of 100 years. The determination of the flood lines are required to indicate on development plans during the planning phase. The flood line determination is done in accordance with approved engineering guidelines.
Rehabilitation planning is detailed planning of the management and specifications of the area that are affected. The plans might be a requirement during applications.
A geographic information system (GIS) is a computer system for capturing, storing, checking, and displaying data related to positions on Earth’s surface. It is used to display specifics of projects and projecting it in a manner to easily identify important aspects of the project.
Water Quality monitoring
Monitoring of water quality monitoring in order to comply with regulations and environmental authorizations or licenses. Parameters can include, temp, pH, EC, TDS, TSS, DO etc.
Environmental monitoring and complaince
Environmental Control Officers
An ECO plays an important role of monitoring compliance of the activities compiling environmental audits to check if the client is compliant with conditions that are set out in the environmental authorization and environmental management plan/programme. Audits may be conducted (weekly, monthly, quarterly, bi-annually and/or annually) for the client and for submission to the competent authority (CA) at intervals indicated by the CA.
Required audits to determine compliance with environmental authorizations, water use licenses and waste licenses
Legal Compliance Audits
General legal compliance audits to ensure compliance with South African environmental legislation.
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